FANDOM


Stendhal, pseudonym os Henri Beyle, gnaht in Grenoble in 1783. Septat leust is sienu mater is adorit. Ex sien khalwani ed melankholic miegve, inter un abhorren pater, un abominen tante, un detesten hofmayster, siet is conserve id horror om monarchia ed religion.

In 1799, passionato de mathematique, fortrehct is do Paris kay participe id Polytechnique concurs bet, oins arriven, is tyehgvt sien project. Sehgnend de kriges klewos ed liubh, is swekwehrt sien parwarisch inkapend-ye un administrative carriere. In 1800, is participet id Italia weir ed, sub id Empire, biht taukilen auditor bei Conseil d'Etat. Napoleons fall in 1814 ruinet eys politic ambitions yed ei permit ghehde tsay do Italia quer is druve-ye commencet scribe.

Expuls ex Italia bi-sabab sien liberal opinions, is reict France ed smyehrt id combat pro romantisme publiend-ye, in 1823, Racine et Shakespeare. Eys prest roman, Armance, paruet in 1827. Gwehmsient ia Promenades dans Rome in 1829 ed Le Rouge et le Noir in 1830. Eys material difficultats ei dwinghe accepte un wals os consul in Civitavecchia. Ia sehkwnd yars vide se kowpe ia overs, ex qua plurs remansient mweyssui (Lucien Leuwen, Vie de Henry Brulard, Lamiel). La Chartreuse de Parme, quod is dictet unte oik hevds, paruet in 1839.

Stendhal mehrt in Paris, stradi, ob un apoplexia insult, in 1842. Id chasse au bonheur ed eysa liubhs, oiks-ye sanbawend, ops biedan, proe-buir, ye eys wi itiraf, id magno besoyn os eys gwit.


800px-Stendhal
Marie-Henri Beyle, aka Stendhal, 1840 portrait ab Olof Johan Södermark


Ex Beyle do StendhalEdit

In id kerd iom stendhalsken kaurs wehse introspection ed gnohsa os se. Tod leitend nieb mutu con id gnohsa ios societat, est gohder, kay plaise alyanghen ed skape ia sarcasms due incomprehension, tupes apter un hypocrite mask. Wahid-ye bim tender atmens might anghen confide, do sien diar maght anghen inscribe ia detours ios ego unte idso drahsa do noroc. Beyle addict-se regular-ye tei task, kowpend-ye aun woide to ia materials os sien future wehrg.

In 1817 paruet Rome, Naples et Florence, id prest buko quod signet Beyle sub id pseudonym Stendhal. Eys "egotisme", tod esthetic ed moral art de vivre keihnd ep plaisure, id swobehrgen ud id vulgar ed un deuber gnohsa os se, pinwt id romanesk creation os Stendhal. Eysmen persons sont beghapt samt id energia tik dank-yod ghehdent woide quo ghehldent. Mysterieus pro alyanghen, explient-se sibswo, kam Julien Sorel (Le Rouge et le Noir) ed bihnt transparent pro el leiser. Elde anonym ed ironic narrator iom stendhalsk romans, el manifestet, med sien intrusions medsu idpet storia, id gust ios scriptorios pro uno masken presence. Beyle ed Stendhal covehrnt ia dwo faces os un sam identitar sohkw.

800px-Abbazia di Valserena (Paradigna - Parma) - chiesa (facciata e lato nord) 1 2019-06-03
Id abbatia os Valserena buit, sekwent plur historians, id edifice quod inspirit Stendhal pro la Chartreuse de Parme, ed ne id "genuin" Certosa di San Girolamo os Parma. Stendhals roman se inspiret ex un historic anecdote (ia liubhs as Vandozza Farnese pro iom nepot uns cardinal) ed sehkwt id traditional romantic canvass (bois, duels, maurdhs, karcerbehndens, vinovat liubhs). Genereus atmen, is yun Fabrice del Dongo smyehrt id boi os Waterloo ob admiration dia Napoleon. Tsay do Italia, is sint-se bihe pussiret do id ecclesiastic carriere ab sien tante, hercegin Sanseverina, majoru rjienbwuts ios curt os Parma, qua se hat enstyohrctu de iom. Karcerbohndt sekwos un duel, is ghehdt fuges dank id liubh as Clelia, iam dugter os eyso cipire, bet is prodaht-se ei police kun is mantht ays wehden. Salwt ab iam Sanseverina, qua sib udseduct id aman ios herceg os Parma, Fabrice biht uno maschouro precher, yed retrehft Clelia, qua, pos id leus os sien purt, mehrt, praess ab mentangst. Fabrice retiret do id Cartusia os Parma. Id sensibilitat as Clelia, Fabrices enthusiasme, heureux par privilège, id passion ias Sanseverina, id elegant skepticisme ios minister Mosca accordent-se con id sublimitat iom Italian landspects ed diweide id grotesk gwit iom smulk absolutiste curts, ed compone ia divers elements ios stendhalsk sultheme : la chasse au Bonheur.

"Stendhalia"Edit

Stendhals imaginar universe ijapt un privileget place ad Italia. Voluntar-ye daht is credit id familialo legend uns italianios matruw ascendance. In plurs om sien overs, is gwehrdt id Italia os Renaissance ed iom Carbonari. Is hatta adaptet awa Chroniques italiennes, stories om liubh ed mohrt (1839). Mythifien ab ia mehmens ed ia sogna os Stendhal, id climat, ia landspects, id sakwn beauteit idsen lacs, music, pingen, beuwt Italia id land ios stendhalsk utopia. Ter ghehdt individual energia se paydrwne, ter dlehnt ia exaltant aventures, ia khauris imprevisions, ia grandiose passions. Id swadh erkwnd luce madht-yod Italia meg smyehrt id hava os noroco quod regnet in La Chartreuse de Parme. Kam Fabrice, is heroy ios roman, anghen ghehdt brunges se ed id mund aun swurghes de alyanghen ni de id societat. Italia est id loc om gwivplaisure ed liubh : ids image interplehct-se angh-ye con tod ias liubhen gwen.

Bi Stendhal, lakin, ias ster persons sont systematic-ye doublihn ed posdehrje con iom heroy un double relation. Oiter se ornet med matruwo tenderesse, kam Potnia de Rênal (Le Rouge et le Noir) au ia Sanseverina (La Chartreuse de Parme), alter se revelet meis bitter ed cruel, kam Mathilde de la Mole (Le Rouge et le Noir). Yed bo joinent mutu in ir liubh dia iom sam wir ed iro rivalitat swehndt in ir efforts kay salve iom.

393px-Stendhal tombe cimetiere Montmartre
Isswo Stendhal compos id epitaph pro sien tumbh, taiper in id cemtier os Montmartre, Paris : Arrigo Beyle Milanese Scrisse Amò Visse, yani, in Italian : "Henric Beyle Milaner Scripsit Liubhit Gwivsit".


Ironia ed moralitatEdit

Quayque kam in Lucien Leuwen, is ne keunct de recurre id satire uns foranght provincial societat, Stendhal privileget ironia dia sien heroys aun yed nilinkwes sem dabronia quod deict od ir errors au illusions nel-ye resulte ex ir mediocritat. Tod ironia sammel bezielt seduce el leiser, ed marct inter iom autor ed eys bungos un arken analog tei quod dehlct existe inter id ses ed id kwehk. Estghi bohnden ei beylesk moralitat : id necessar hypocrisis naiwo dehlct compromitte ia individual virtuts tim qui ghehde giowe ir mask ye privilegen moments ed se dahe do skau in ir hol gena. It ghehldt pro id episode ios "Chasseur vert" os Lucien Leuwen, quer expremt-se id liubh inter Lucien ed Mathilde de Chasteller. Id primatia os noroc uperghehldt ia nyutis ed zalalats unios materialiste societat, kaurndios de miskina interesses ed maflouk ud tod noblesse in kerd ed ment quod Stendhal situet ideal-ye in Italia ed in-yod is vidt ia marks ios genuin aristocratia.

Ghancskwnd seid kyid object, eyso style sib daht ka model id teursia ios Code Napoléon, aun neglege id elangvert os conversation ni id lyric sublime ios poesis os noroc.

Community content is available under CC-BY-SA unless otherwise noted.